The production of trucks in Bulgaria started in 1952 when the first test series of Bulgarian electric platform trucks have been developed. In 1957 started the serial production of trucks in Bulgaria in plant "6th of September 6" in Sofia, which at that time produced trams and trolleybuses. In the early '60s, the factory has been reallocated in new facilities, equipped together with the French company "Renault".In 1957, Bulgaria realized the first export of the new products - 150 platform trucks were sold in Czechoslovakia and in the USSR.

In 1958, the first significant contract for export of material handling equipment was realized - over 3000 machines were delivered to China.

That same year (1958), Bulgaria launched the production of a new type trucks - forklift trucks. The development and production was focused in plant "6th of September". The production of platform trucks has been moved from "6th of September" to the  "Sredetz" factory in Sofia - former "Factory 12".

In the early 60s was opened new factory "Dunav" in the city Lom (port on Danube river), which later on specialized in  production of electric platform trucks and tractors. The capacity was 15,000 to 18,000 units per year. In the city of Pleven has been launched the production of pedestrian controlled trucks and forklifts. In average, the annual output of this plant during its operation reached 8,500 to 9,500 units. In the city of Plovdiv is located the famous ans still operational factory "Record", established in the early 70's. At that period, "Record" specialized in the production of engine-powered trucks.

During the years after, the increased volume of forklift production and the aggressive export policy deepened further Bulgarian specialization in this field of production. In 1963, was established the "Institute for Electrical and Engine-powered trucks" - this is a unique worldwide research and engineering design center.

Later on, first in Bulgaria State Economic Association (DSO) has been created with main area of activity production of material handling equipment - DSO "Transportation Engineering".

The structure of the state owned company "BALKANCAR" consisted of not only the five major assembly plants. It also included establishments for producing intermediate products used in the creation of electrical and engine-powered forklifts.After 80's in its composition "BALKANCAR" included 39 branches - 31 in the country and 8 abroad. Its factories produced also buses, cars, bicycles, trolleys, hydraulic systems, traction batteries, heavy trucks and more.

From year to year the number of transport-lifting machines that make our country grow. In 1978 Bulgaria comes first in the world in total volume production and export of diamonds. In this position our country holding decades. The largest number of trucks that are created in this country for years was reached in 1987 - about 89,000 units. For comparison, this time in all other European countries generally produce around 17,000 to 18,000 such machines annually.

The majority of the production of Bulgarian electricity and trucks is exported. The total number of trucks produced reached 1.5 million in 1992 unitsi. By 1995, the average annual volume of production runs in the 70 thousand to 75 thousand items of machinery.

Balkancar 2015

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